India has a fast-emerging economy, which includes more than 100 million people and those who are in need of large amounts of energy. This demand is being met by the Indian government using various innovative and non-renewable resources? Our country is fifth in the world in generating electricity and consuming it. Electricity generation in our country is increasing every year, but we can’t deny that the population is also increasing together.
53% of the electricity in the country is made from coal and it is estimated that during 2040 – 2050 AD, it will also end. More than 72% of the population of India lives in villages and half of them are living their lives without electricity. Now India has come to such a situation that now we take steps to increase the energy production. Solar energy use is the best way to fulfill this demand so that we can reconcile between the demand and supply of energy.
What is solar energy
In general, solar energy refers to the energy received from the sun. By collecting the rays of the sun at one point, the energy is produced, and then this process is called solar energy production. Solar energy means transforming the sun’s rays into electricity.
India is a tropical country. Due to being a tropical country, we get solar radiation throughout the year, which contains approximately 3000 hours of sunlight, which is equivalent to 5000 trillion kWh. Almost all areas of India are 4-7 kWh per square meter, which is equivalent to 2300 – 3200 hours of sunlight per year. Since most of the people of India live in rural areas, so there are plenty of scopes to use solar energy utility. There are also possibilities of development. If solar energy is used, then there will be a reduction in the use of wood and timber in domestic work. Then, there will be no air pollution.
India has huge areas of work to generate solar power as India’s geographical location is at a location where sunlight reaches a sufficient amount. The amount of sunlight that is reaching the Earth’s surface every year is very high.
Solar energy technology
Solar energy is a technique developed for the use of solar radiation and solar heat. There are other forms, such as solar heat, solar radiation, and artificial photosynthesis, etc.
Solar energy benefits in India
Due to the advantages of solar energy, it appears to be even more appropriate than other energy sources. Some of the benefits of this are written below
- Solar energy is a never-ending resource and it is the best replacement for non-renewable resources.
- Solar energy is also beneficial for the environment. When it is used, it does not leave carbon-dioxide and other harmful gas in the environment, then the environment does not pollute.
- Solar power can be used for many purposes, such as: for heat, for drying, cooking food, and in the form of electricity, etc. Solar energy is also suitable for use in cars, in airplanes, in big boats, in satellites, in the calculator, and in other devices.
- Because solar energy is an uninterrupted energy resource. So in countries like India where energy production is expensive, then these resources are the best option.
- Solar energy equipment can be installed at any location. Even this can be installed in the house because it is also cheap compared to other resources of energy.
Solar power disadvantages
- We can’t do the work of generating solar power at night.
- Also during the day when there is rain or cloudy weather, electricity generation can not be done by solar energy. Because of this, we can’t fully trust solar energy.
- Only those areas can be able to produce solar energy, where the sunlight comes in sufficient quantity.
- In order to generate solar power, we need batteries for the inverter and its storage besides solar devices. By the way, solar devices are cheap, but together with inverter and battery make it expensive.
- Solar tools are large in size, so they need large area land to be installed and once these devices are used, then the land has to use for this purpose for a long time. This is tough to use these lands for other purposes.
- The amount of energy produced in this way is very less compared to other resources, which are unable to meet our needs.
- Solar tools are fragile.
Solar Power Project in India
Many projects have been started in India, keeping in mind the benefits of solar energy:
- India’s best solar power project has been started in the Thar Desert, which is estimated to generate 700-200 GW of energy.
- On March 1, 2014, the then Chief Minister of Gujarat inaugurated the country’s largest solar power plant in the Neemuch district of Madhya Pradesh.
- The Central Government has started the ‘ Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Power Project [JNNSM] ‘ and has set a target of generating up to 20,000 MW of power by the year 2022.
Solar Project equipment
To maintain Solar projects, we need some equipment. Here we have described the details of the equipment.
- Solar panel,
- Brno Eco Solar Home UPS 1100,
- Solar power conditioning unit,
- PV Grid Connected Inverters,
- Solar charging controller
- PWM Technology,
- MPPT Technology
- Solar Conversion Kit
- Solar Shine Wave Inverter,
- Solar battery,
- Solar Home Lighting System
- Solar glasses
- Solar Street Lighting Systems, etc.
Thus solar energy has developed into our country and we are benefiting from it. We should emphasis on solar energy to reduce the pressure from other non-renewable energy.