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Essay on Pollution
Pollution is a serious problem in today’s world. This has become a matter of great concern for lovers of nature and environment. Not only the human community but also the whole community has come under its grip. Its side effects are visible all around the world.
The literal meaning of pollution is- dirt. The dirt which has spread all around us and arrests all the inhabitants of the earth are called pollution. Pollution can be broadly divided into three categories-air pollutions, water pollution, and noise pollution. These three types of pollution are harmful to human health.
Air and water are life-giving objects. Both of these objects have a huge role in maintaining life and living. In the air where all the organisms breathe, water is used as drinking water. But both of these things have become very polluted nowadays.
The main reason for air pollution is a variety of unclean gases. Due to human activity in the air, polluted elements like carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide are being received in large quantities. In the water, the wastewater filled with chemical waste falls on different water reserves. By this way, The water of ponds, rivers, lakes, and sea is constantly being polluted.
One of the main reasons for noise pollution is the increasing population. The noise of the vehicles, the screams of instruments and various types of sound coming from four directions are giving birth to sound pollution. In metros, sound pollution is at severe condition
If you think about the side effects of pollution, then it will be very serious. Breathing in polluted air produces many lung and respiratory diseases. Drinking contaminated water causes stomach disorders. Dirty water is also very harmful to living organisms in water. Sound pollution generates mental stress. It can create problems like deafness, anxiety, and unrest.
In the modern scientific era, it is difficult to completely eliminate pollution. Many types of governmental and non-governmental efforts have proven inadequate.Therefore, it is clear that unless the public is active in this work at the private level, it is impossible to deal with this problem. Everyone should be aware of this.
Purification of polluted water should be done in the reservoirs. Reduction of the use of coal and petroleum products should be done. We have to find more and more of alternative energy sources such as solar energy, wind power, Bio gas, CNG, LPG, hydro power. We should avoid cutting forests and put new trees in residential areas. Adopting all these measures will greatly help in reducing air and water pollution.
There is a need to take some concrete and positive steps to reduce noise pollution. Radio, tv, Sound instruments etc. should be played in low voice. The common use of loudspeakers should be restricted. In the vehicles, light-sounded sound indicators should be used. Home appliances should be used in such a way that they produce at least sound.
In conclusion, it can be said that the only way to reduce pollution is social awareness. There is a need to convey messages to the people in this regard by the media. The collective effort can only be controlled by the global problem of pollution