Do you know who was the designer of the national flag of India? The tricolor of India, which is the national flag of India, started its journey in 1921 before independence. Before that, Indian freedom fighter used different flags on different occasions. Pingali Venkaiah, who lived in Andhra Pradesh, presented a red and green flag as the national flag of India in front of Mahatma Gandhi in Bezwada (now Vijayawada) session of the All India Congress Working Committee in 1921.
Freedom fighter and educationist Pingali Venkaiah used red and green colors as symbols of two big communities of India, Hindu and Muslim and the White color referred to the minorities. On the suggestion of Gandhi, he gave the symbol Charkha. Chakra was the symbol of development. Congress has officially accepted this Tricolor flag. Soon the tricolor became popular as the “Swaraj” flag to freedom fighters. In 1931, Congress made the Tricolor its official flag, giving the place to Kesaria instead of the red color. On January 26, 1930, the Congress had declared complete Swaraj to India.
Prior to India’s independence, the Constituent Assembly declared a committee headed by Rajendra Prasad. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Sarojini Naidu, C. Rajagopal, KM Munshi and BR Ambedkar were also the members of this committee. The committee suggested that the Congress flag should be accepted as a national flag of Indian with some changes. According to the suggestion of the committee, instead of Charkha, Dharma Chakra of Ashok was given a place on the flag. Jawaharlal Nehru proposed it in the Constituent Assembly on July 22, 1947, as the national flag of India, which was accepted unanimously.
Who was Pingali Venkayyaa?
Venkayya was born on 2 August 1876 in the house of Hanuman Taruudu and Venkata Ratnama in the present Andhra Pradesh. His early schooling was from Machilipatnam. He later went to Colombo for the Senior Cambridge examination. During his job period, he went to Lahore to learn Urdu and Japanese language at the Anglo-Vedic College. Venkaiah was admitted to the British Indian Army as a soldier at the age of 19. He participated in the Anglo-Boer War and during that time he met Mahatma Gandhi.
Pingali Venkayya was a special attachment to geology and agriculture. He was a specialist in diamond mines, so he was also known as ‘Diamond Venkaiah’. From 1906 to 1911, Venkaiah had spent a large part of his life in research on various varieties of cotton, hence he was also called ‘Patti (cotton) Venkaiah’. He also published his research paper on a variety of Cambodian cotton. It is believed that Pingali Venkaiah had analyzed the national flags of nearly 30 countries before introducing the initial form of the flag to Gandhiji.
Gandhian Venkayya lived through simplicity of her life. He died on 4 July 1963 in a cottage in Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh. For four decades after independence, Venkaiah was a victim of government ignorance. In the year 2009, the Indian government issued a postal stamp in the memory while taking care of them. In 2015, Union Minister Venkaiah Naidu unveiled the statue of Pingali Venkayya. Although the government’s attitude about the tricolor of the country, it also shows that Pingali Venkayya’s name is not mentioned in the “History of the Tricolor” official website of the Indian government. It is just described as “a young man from Andhra Pradesh”.
Check Also: Indian Flag meaning