India is a country of diversity. Our India is a secular country. Here, people of various castes, religions reside together. Their festivals are also different. These festivals pave the way for new happiness and innovation in their life. The festivals celebrate with great enthusiasm of people of all caste religions. Everybody celebrates Rakhi, Diwali, Eid, Christmas and many festivals together. There is no shortage of festivals in India. According to the religion and caste, everyone has different festivals. But there are some such festivals, which are not of any limited to any caste but of our nation, which we call the national festivals. In this post, we have discussed the National Festivals of India.
What are the National Festivals of India
Festivals are of two types – Cultural and National. Cultural festivals are related to religion and culture, such as Holi, Eid, and Christmas etc. National festivals are associated with the spirit of patriotism of nationalities. The national festivals are associated with the golden ages in the history of the country, which have played an important role in nation-building. These are
- Gandhi Jayanti
- Independence Day
- Republic Day
Since 1947, after the independence of India, these national festivals became part of our lives, since then we have celebrated these festivals with great enthusiasm. These festivals show our national unity.We have three major occasions.
When is National Festivals of India celebrated?
Religious festivals are celebrated according to the religious calendar. These festivals are worldwide. National festivals of India are celebrated especially in India. These festivals give a message of love and unity to the country. So, it separates them from other festivals. The government prepares especially to celebrate these festivals. the whole country is decorated like a bride. There were a variety of cultural events. has been declared on the festival day.
- Gandhi Jayanti – October 2
- Republic Day – January 26
- Independence Day- August 15
These days remind the memory of the great freedom fighter of our country.
The birth anniversary of Father of India’s ‘Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi’ is celebrated on 2nd October in the form of Gandhi Jayanti in India. He gave his life to liberate India and to give a new direction to society. To honor his sacrifice, Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on his birth anniversary.
The day also has an important role in our national festival. This day is not celebrated much like the Independence Day and the Republic Day, but this day gives the message of peace and brotherhood to every Indian. Gandhiji has always been standing with Satyagraha and non-violence; he gave freedom to the country following his values.
On this day, every major leader of the Prime Minister, the President, and the country goes to Rajghat, Gandhiji’s Samadhi site, and pay respect to Mahatma Gandhi, a special prayer meeting is also organized there. Besides, Gandhiji’s life-based speech, debate, painting, essay, creative writing competitions are organized. This allows children to know about the lifestyle of Gandhi more closely.
Independence Day of India
After the battle of Plassey in 1757 AD and the defeat of Buxar in 1764 AD by the Indians, the British ruled the Bengal under British East India Company. To strengthen its rule, the British made many rules. The Great Revolution started in 1857 by the Indians. It started from 10th May 1857. It is believed that the rebellion of 1857 was a great rebellion. In 1858 AD, the rule of India was overthrown by the hands of the company and handed over to the British Crown. In addition, non-violent movement (civil disobedience) was started by Mahatma Gandhi. Finally, India got independence from British rule on 15 August 1947. Thousands of great leaders, general people sacrificed their lives for the Independence of India. (Details: History of Independence Day)
Since then, Independence of India is a national festival of India. In this day we get the national flag (See also: National Flag Adoption Day).
Independence Day is celebrated on August 15th in India with great enthusiasm. A day before Independence Day speech is presented by the country’s president in the evening time.
The flag is flagged on the red fort of Delhi by the Prime Minister of India the next day. Also, 21 artillery salutes are also given. Then everybody sings the national anthem.
People of India consider Independence Day with great joy and remember the national heroes who sacrificed their lives to liberate the country
Independence Day believes with great enthusiasm in schools, colleges, and various institutions. In school, children participate in a variety of cultural activities.
On August 15, kite flying has its own significance. The Indian sky is filled with different types and stylish kites. Some of these also have the color of a tricolor, which displays the Indian national flag.
We believe in Independence Day to remember the freedom of India and to remember those heroes who contributed to the freedom of the country.
Republic Day of India
With respect to the Indian Constitution on January 26, Republic Day is celebrated every year in India. India introduced with the own constitution. This day has been declared as a national holiday by the Indian government. A new Indian constitution was prepared and approved by the Indian Constituent Assembly on January 25, 1950. It was announced as a Republic day of India.
Since Independence Day is celebrated in India for the happiness of India’s independence from the British rule, similarly in India Republic Day is celebrated to implement its own constitution. Officially it is celebrated every year on the Rajpath of the Indian capital, New Delhi, before the President of India. A small festival is celebrated in the state capital by the presence of the state’s governor by hoisting the national flag of the country.
India has a big history behind celebrating Republic Day.In the year 1947, on August 15, India got independence from the British rule. At that time there was no permanent constitution of the country. For the first time, in the year 1947, the first draft of the Indian Constitution was presented by the Drafting Committee on 4th November on the National Assembly. In the year 1950, on January 24, the first draft of the Indian Constitution was signed by the National Assembly in Hindi and English in two editions.
Then on January 26, 1950, the Republic of India came into existence. Since then, the Republic Day in India began to commemorate the 26th of January. On this day, India was declared as a full Independent nation, so it was celebrated every year as the anniversary of Full Independence.
The Republic Day is a symbol of true courage for an independent India where the military parade, exhibition of military goods, the Indian President salutes the national flag and various events are organized on this day.
Our national festival is a source of inspiration for national unity. These festivals create consciousness to the hearts of all the Indians. There are some more memorable days other than the above mentioned days, such as Lala Lajpat Rai, Rani Lakshmi Bai, Subhash Chandra Bose etc. These are all people who have sacrificed their lives for the sake of our country. All these days are celebrated on a small scale. Nationally, this festival unites our country. There are no castes, religion, society who argue to celebrate these national festivals. Now, it is our first duty to keep the honor of the country.