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Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was widely known as ‘Mahatma Gandhi” and father of the Nation in India. Gandhi is one of the greatest immortal people in Indian history and known as “BAPU” or father of all Indian. He comes to the limelight after his remarkable participate in several social discrimination movements during his lifetime. For what becomes the father of India? Just for his No-violence theory and he was the leader of Indian independence Movement and makes India free from British rule. His activities inspired general mess to get their proper right and demolish all other religious, cultural and social discrimination. The Period from 1920-1947 had known as the Gandhian era in all over the India. Before 1947 India and this Asia subcontinent ruled by British and they had absorbed various norms in the global citizen. The British ruler takes away their right to express their speech freely. Then Gandhi arise a troop to make people conscious of their rights and needs.
Here in this Mahatma Gandhi essay we will cover his whole life from birth to death like biography and describe all about his social and political activities along with the story of M.k Gandhi to become Mahatma and father of the nation.
Birth and earlier Life of Gandhi
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 02 October 1869 in a Hindu Gujarati family in the city of Porbandar a coastal town of Gujarat in British India. His father Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi (1822-1885) was a political figure and served as the Diwan ( Prime Minister) of Porbandar state. M.K Gandhi was the youngest son of Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi and Putlibai Gandhi among their three sons and one daughter. Uttamchand Gandhi gets married four times, and his first three marriages ended with died of his three wives. In 1859, he married pultibai Gandhi, and that lasts until his death in 1885. Mohandas is the youngest child of his fourth marriage.
Karamchand Uttamdas Gandhi and his family entered into the service of its ruler from their ancestor. Mohandas grandfather Lalji Gandhi moves to Porbandar in earlier 18 century from Junagadh state and take the responsibility to rule this state of Porbandar. Mahatma Gandhi was born in the second highest cast of Hindu society called the Ruler-warrior caste.
At the time of youth Mahatma Gandhai
He completed his school in nearby Rajkot where his father was the state advisor of the local ruler. At that time there have a tradition to get married at an early age exactly in youth time, so this manner is same for Mohandas Gandhi also. In May 1883, 13-year old Mohandas was married to 14-year old Kasturbai Makhanji in an arranged child marriage during Uttamdas Lifetime. When Gandhi was 15 years, old the couple’s first child was born though survived only for few days. Aftermath they lead a happy life.
In 1888, at the age of eighteen Gandhi traveled to London, England, to study law at university college London. In his time in London, he studied the Christian religion and Hindu religion to gather much more knowledge. Friends of him in London convince him to change the religion. However, he learns more about Hindu religion and takes a vow to abstain from alcohol, meat and obey other restrictions. There he inspired people to practice the vegetarian culture even also read the holy Gita in various language. In London, he elected as the leader of vegetarian theoso9phical society which devoted to the study Buddhist and Hindu literature.
Attempt to build career in India (1891-1893)
In 1891, Mohandas Gandhi came back in India and tried to establish his career in India. He tries to practice law in Mumbai but failed. Later joined in a high school as a part-time teacher. After that, he moved to Rajkot to make a modest living. In 1891, he joined in Dada Abdulla & Co., an Indian firm, with a yearlong contract and then posted in the colony of Natal, South Africa.
Gandhi in South Africa
Honestly, in South Africa, he faces a lot difficulty and discrimination against Hindu. In South Africa, he awakens about the social injustice and makes various protests against Africans. With raises, the voice against discrimination brings him under the limelight and considerably his life in South Africa considered as the turning point of his life. In Africa, he served and led an Ambulance Corps Unit in both the Boer war 1899-1902 and then Zulu war of 1906. There he failed to achieve a goal in gaining the full citizenship for Indians in South Africa.
Back In India
In 1915, Mahatma Gandhi returned to India to live here. He spoke at the convention of Indian national congress and primarily introduced to Indian issues, politics and the Indian people by Gopal Krishna Gokhale, the respected Indian Congress leader. Later, then Gandhi takes a leadership role.
In 1918 latter of the world war I Gandhi invited by the viceroy to show his support for empire and help to take off the case of India’s independence. After Zulu war, he tries to recruit combatants.
In 1918, when British rulers forced the farmers of Bihar to grow indigo and other cash crops rather food crops for their survival. Then Gandhi took protest and proposed satyagraha” NON-VIOLENCE. The main result comes of this revolt when Gandhi arrested by police. Then thousands of people protested and rallied outside the jail in demand of his release.
He takes “satyagraha” of fasting and noncooperation as his weapon in this struggle. He made the salt march of 400km and dandy demonstration to show the helplessness of general mess.
On 10 March 1922, Gandhi arrested and sentenced to six-year imprisonment, but get the release in 1924 after two years of appendicitis operation. He gets lot indiscipline among the bridge of Hindu Muslim then he tried again and kept three-week fast in autumn 1924.
World War II
This world war mentioned as the monsoon season for India’s independence. At that time Gandhi takes several steps and declare to fight for freedom rather contributing the British combatants.
Gandhi makes an excellent cooperation with Nehru and Jinnah to prepare for independence. Following the guidelines and direction of Gandhi from every corner of whole India makes people inspired to raise their voice for freedom.
Gandhi’s Social Awareness steps
From his return to India in 1915, he had fought and led various social injustice movements. His main aim is to make India free from British ruler and get independence. His ‘satyagraha’ marked as the best silent protest against anyone. Indians describe Gandhi as the father of the nationwide, but it’s not an official title. On 6 July 1944, Subhash Chandra Bose addressed Gandhi as the father of the nation on Singapore radio.
India gets independence on 15 August 1947, just as the greatest leader of him. His birthday on 2 October that internationally declared and observed as non-violence day worldwide.
Last Words About Gandhi
This Greatest person Mahatma Gandhi died on 30 January 1948, but he is immortal in Indian history and all Indians heart. His works make him Mahatma from Mohandas.