Indian Flag is Designed by Pingali Venkayy. The National Flag of India is the national symbol of India. The India flag consists of three colors. In the top most section of the flag is filled with saffron, the middle section and lowermost section are filled with White and India Green Respectively. The middle white section contains Navy Blue 24 Spoke wheel in the middle. This wheel symbolizes the Ashoka Chakra. Ashoka Chakra refers to the Wheel of Law. These three colors are combinedly known as Tiranga. This official flag is being used after the liberation of India. India made adoption of the national flag on July 22, 1947,(See: Indian National Flag Adoption Day 22nd July) while constituent assembly was held.After 15 August 1947, The present flag was declared as the national flag of India. Indian national flag is also known as Tri range. Tri Ranga refers to tri color. Swaraj flag was the basement of this flag. Swaraj Flag was the flag of National Congress of India.
Indian National Flag Colors Meaning
Indian Flag has total four elements in its design. Every element of Indian Flag has separate meaning. The combination of all element’s meaning represents the Indian Flag meaning. As Indian Flag has three colors. The Indian flag color meaning has described below.
Saffron color of Indian Flag refers the golden yellow. Saffron color was first used as a color in 1200 BC. There are different types of Saffron. They are Rajah Saffron, deep Saffron. Deep Saffron is known as India saffron which has been used in India flag.
The first vice president of India, as well as second President of India, explained the significance of Saffron Color. He said
Bhagwa or the saffron color denotes renunciation or disinterestedness. Our leaders must be indifferent to material gains and dedicate themselves to their work
According to the flag code of India, Kesari or Deep Saffron, also known as India Saffron will be the color of top part of National Flag of India.
Saffron symbolizes the courage and sacrifice. Bearing the flag of India, it reminds the people of India about the Courage and Sacrifices for the sake of the country.
The perfect coordinate for Indian flag is given below.
- Hexa triplet color co-ordinate: #FF9933
- RGB Color Coordinate: 255, 153, 51
- CMYK Cordinate : 0, 50, 90, 0
- Saffron HSB cordinate: 34°, 80%, 87%
To get the actual color of India flag, one must follow the above coordinates.
White color of Indian Flag: White is the color of purity around the world. It is the opposite of black or darkness. The White color of Indian flag reminds us to remove darkness with light. During the ages of Renaissance, white lamb refers to the sacrifice and purity.
The white color of national flag refers the purity, honesty, sacrifice mentality for the sake of the country.
According to the former president of India,
“The white in the center is light, the path of truth to guide our conduct.”
The perfect white color coordinates are
- Hexa triplet color co-ordinate: #FFFFFF
- RGB Color Coordinate: 255, 255, 255
- CMYK Cordinate : 0, 0, 0, 0
- Saffron HSB cordinate: -°, 0%, 100%
Geen Color of National Flag of India: This green color fills the lower part of the Indian flag. To keep the dignity and accuracy of the national flag, one should follow the appropriate color. There are many types of green which are used in different purpose. To be accurate we have provided the perfect color coordinate of the flag of India.
Green Color refers the faith, prosperity of a nation. According to the former president of India as well as Philosopher Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
The green shows our relation to (the) soil, our relation to the plant life here, on which all other life depends.
To grab the perfect color, the color coordinates of India green are given bellow
- Hexa triplet color co-ordinate: #138808
- RGB Color Coordinate: 19, 136, 8
- CMYK Cordinate : 100, 0, 70, 30
- Saffron HSB cordinate: 115°, 94%, 53%
Ashoka Chakra in Indian Flag
Ashoka Chakra lies in the center of the Indian Flag.This is 24 Spokes. It symbolizes that twenty-four hours tired less working of Indian People. In another sense, it is called the Law of Dharma or truth.
According to the Hindu Purana, there are twenty-four Rishis who bear the whole power of Gayatri Mantra.The twenty-four spokes represent the twenty-four Rishi. Ashoka Chakra is also known as Samay Chakra. Samay means time. the 24 spokes refer the twenty-four hours of a Day.
Size of Indian Flag
According to the code of flag, while producing National flag of India one has to maintain specific size guide. The ratio of width and length is 3:2. The ratio indicates the length must be 1.5 times of width. The bands e.g.Indis saffron, white and India green have to be equal size and width. The Ashoka cycle will be 24 spoke. The position of this cycle us not specified in flag code. It may be printed or painted on both sites. The spaces between the spokes will be even
The size of Ashoka Chakra is given below according to the different flag size. the first portion of the point shows the dimensions of the national flag. Example: Lenght Vs Width: size of Ashoka Chakra
- 6300 mm Vs 4200mm: 1295mm
- 3600 mm vs 2400 mm: 740 mm
- 2700 mm Vs 1800 mm: 555 mm
- 1800 mm vs 1200 mm: 370 mm
- 1350 mm vs 900 mm: 280mm
- 900 mm vs 600mm: 185 mm
- 450 mm vs 300 mm: 90 mm
- 225 mm vs 150 mm: 40 mm
- 150 mm vs 100 mm: 25 mm
These are the some size specifications of Ashoka Chakra. It is noted that, Perfect color have to use while manufacturing natonal flag.
Cloth of Indian Flag
Bureau of Indian Standards maintains the standard of the flag. There is a definite law to keep the dignity as well as the standard of the flag. Ministry of Micro, small medium enterprise maintain the manufacturing process.
According to the law of India, the cloth of the flag must be in Khadi, a hand made cloth. Khadi became popular during the lifespan of Mahatma Gandhi. According to the law of flag in india ( Flag code of India), there are specific guideline for the use of Khadi in national flag. These are
- Number thread = 150 / Cm2
- Number of Stitch= 4 /cm2
- Weight = 205 gram / Feet2
Flying Indian flag without following the specification is punnisjmhable. Khadi Development and Village Industries Commission provides permission to “Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha” as a sole producer of national flag from 2009.
Flag Code of India
Flag code of India is responsible for the displaying & keeping dignity of Indian Flag. The flag code consists of three parts.
Part-1:The first part of the code refers the color, sizes, flag making materials of the flag. According to the code, the flag will have 3 equal color bands. The colors are India Saffron, White & India Green from upward to downward respectively. The material of the flag will be Khadi, A hand spun cloth. 24 spoked Ashoka Chakra will be in the middle band of the flag.
Part-2:Second part of the flag code describes the rules & regulations of displaying the flag. Before 2002 the general people of India don’t have rights to use the flag. The government republic of India doesn’t allow this without some exception. At that time, the usage of Indian flag was restricted to the government high officials. The general people cam use the flag during the occasion of Republic day & Independence day. The general people get rights to display the national flag after an appeal. The supreme court of India allowed the usage rights. But Union Cabinet of India again put some restrictions on the usage and displaying. The code was again amended in 2005. After that, the mass people can use and display the flag with dignity. The part two of the flag code also controlled the displaying procedure of the flag which is described in the below section.
Part 3:This part is the last part the national flag code of India. The displaying process of the flag by the different parts of government e.g state government, Central government of India with their agencies and organizations is the main concern of this flag code.
Indian Flag History
First Indian Flag: Many Indians don’t know about the history of Indian Flag. You may astonish to hear that there was no flag in India before the rebellion of 1857. The First flag was designed by British. That flag was a combination of British Flag and Star of India.
Indian Flag of Sister Nivedita: During the 1904 Sister Nivedita designed a flag with red and yellow color combination. Struggle and the victory was the meaning of Red and Yellow color respectively. In the middle of the flag weapon of Lord Indra “Known as Vajra” was placed. “Vande Mataram” is written in Bengali.
Vande Mataram Flag: Focusing the 8 states of India Vande Mataram Flag was designed. It was designed in 1906. The flag had three bands. From top to down, Green, yellow and red color are the band colors respectively. 8 Lotus were placed the top of the flag which referred the eight provinces of the India. Vande Mataram was written in the middle of the band. The Sun and the Moon were placed in the last band of that flag.
Home Rule Flag: Two Great Leader of that time whose name was Bal Gandhadhar and Annie Besant designed the new flag with stars and the moon. These seven stars referred the Seven Rishi.Unfortunately, this flag failed to gain popularity.
Tri Color Flag: The first tri-color flag was designed in 1921 by an Andhra Pradesh Youth. The color was red . Green and White. Red for Hindus & Sikhs & Green for the Muslims. The white for the other minorities. People didn’t like it because it was based on religion.
Swaraj Flag: It was designed in 1931. Due to the religious basis, the previous tricolored flag was not chosen by the people of India. This flag was non-religious. Charaka in the Middle signifies Progress.
Independent India Flag: Swaraj Flag was the base of the present flag. Before the liberation of India, In a Constituent meeting, this flag was first adopted. After the liberation of India from British rule, this flag is declared as an official flag of India.
Flag of India Displaying Code
- Nobody can use the Indian flag except high official of Republic of India e.g. President, Vice-president, member of Parliament, judges of Supreme Court of India, Flag officers of Armed Forces
- While flying the national flag of India with other countries flag in India territory, the first flag will be the Indian flag. All the flags have to placed in straight line Indian flag will have to place on the leftmost side or rightmost point from witnessed view.
- While placing many flags, all another flag should be the same size. No flag will be larger than Indian Flag.
- Displaying Indian national flag with other non-national flags, Indian flag should be in the middle of the flag.
- During the mourn time, Indian flag must be half-masted. But the very first time it should full-masted. then gradually lowered the mast.
- During the national events the national flag can not be half-masted.
- If the national flag of India covered the coffin then it has to placed in the head of the coffin.
- During the passing of national flag in parades, all person have to stand up.
- Flag has to place the right side of the speaker in indoor or Hall.
- Flag must be mounted to angel while displaying in short flag pole.
10 facts about Indian Flag
- Before 1857, India has No Flag. The First Flag was designed after the rebellion of 1857.
- Mahatma Gandhi’s Flag was based on religion
- If anyone flies the Indian flag which is not made of Khadi, He will be fined
- Before 2002, the general people of India don’t have rights to fly the flag except special days.
- The flag will have to display right side of the Speaker.
- Every portion’s size of the Flag is in the flag code of India except the size of the Ashoka Chakra.
- Ashoka Chakra has 24 spoke
- Every Color has separate Meaning
- Swaraj Flag is the basement of the Indian Flag.
- The Indian flag is also known as Tri Ranga (Tri Color)