The atmosphere on Earth serves as the surface of the greenhouse. 31 percent of the light rays coming from the sun reappears from the Earth’s surface and goes into space and 20 percent is absorbed by the atmosphere. The remaining part of the energy which comes from the sun is absorbed by the ocean and the facts on the surface on the earth. Then it is converted into heat which helps to maintain the surface of the Earth and the air above it. Some special gases present in the Earth’s atmosphere act as the surface of the greenhouse and keep the heat on the earth.
What is the greenhouse effect (Greenhouse Effect Definition)
The greenhouse effect is a natural phenomenon, which helps to keep the earth’s surface warm and that is why life on earth is possible. Part of the energy coming from this sun is absorbed by soil, tree plants and other sources of the Earth. The maximum part of this absorbed energy is converted into heat, which keeps the greenhouse warm. The surface present in the greenhouse binds this heat and helps in maintaining the temperature of the world.
The gases present in the greenhouse absorb heat, which increases the temperature of the Earth, and life on earth is possible in comparison to other planets. The most important greenhouse gas is the vapor produced from water and it is very useful in the greenhouse effect. Other gases that contain carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide etc. also play a very important role in the greenhouse effect, although the percentage of its inclusion is very low.
If there was no greenhouse effect on Earth, then the Earth was much cooler than now. The warmth in the climate on Earth is very important, water covers three-quarters of our earth and this water is present in three forms of ice, liquid, and vapor. Due to the water cycle on earth, water changes from one form to another, and we get drinkable water to keep our life in regular shape. It plays an important role in controlling earth’s temperature.
Information in relation to greenhouse gases
- Water vapor (H2O)- 36-70%
- Carbon Di Oxide (CO2)- 9-26%
- Methane (CH4) -4-9%
- Nitrous oxide(N2O) – 3-7%
- Ozone (O3)
- Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)
Increase of Greenhouse Effect
In the recent past few years, there has been a steady increase in global temperature, mainly due to the increase of greenhouse gases. The main reason for the increase in these greenhouse gases and the increase in the temperature of the Earth is man-made. Man is destroying trees and forests for their convenience. Fossil fuels are being used indefinitely; as a result, the temperature of the earth has already increased. It is said that by 2030 this temperature will rise by 5 degrees Celsius. We are also facing the consequences such floods of high-lying areas, flooding in the desert, lack of rainfall and the ice present in the pole and mountains are melting too. If it continues to do so, then the day is not far when the earth will be moving towards destruction. It is said that if the temperature of the earth continues to grow like this, then there will be storms of hot air in many places, so the water level of some of the sea will also increase and the countries present in the lower part will become submerged. Water will not be available for drinking and irrigation, forest and tree plantations will also be destroyed. So today it is necessary that we control the rising pollution and save us from losing our Earth’s existence.
Greenhouse effect process
In a few steps below, we are trying to convince you about the greenhouse effect, so that you can easily understand it.
Effects of Greenhouse effect
Climate and Weather are very different from each other, changes in weather are common and we also experience cold, heat and rain in three months of the year. We understand the change in weather this time, but changes in the climate are very slow, and in this slow process, we are not able to understand this change. But the change in the climate is extremely dangerous for the earth and its present organisms. The reasons of climate-changing are both natural and man-made. We have no control over the natural causes but by controlling the causes created by humans, we can save ourselves from the existence of the Earth and the difficulties in the future. For this, we will have to look at the causes of climate change.
Causes of climate change
- Slip of Mountains
- Marine waves
- Earth rotation
Man Made causes
There are many such human factors, which in turn leads to the level of greenhouse gases in the environment, which has resulted in climate change and is a major reason for global warming,
- Due to the use of fossil fuels such as colas, petrol, natural gas etc., more carbon dioxide is being released into the environment.
- The level of carbon dioxide which is caused by the continuous erosion of forests is increasing in the environment.
- Due to industrialization, new greenhouse gases are also being added to the environment in excess of the requirement, which is increasing the temperature.
- Using similar products like plastic early non-degradation.
- The pollution of fertilizer pesticides in agriculture has also increased the environmental pollution.
- Environmental pollution has also increased due to tree cutting due to the purpose of building a house and making land for industrialization.
All these factors affect our environment directly and indirectly. All of us should strive to save our future by trying to control all these causes and educate our next generation also in this direction.